Ahmedabad is the largest city of the state of Gujarat and one of the largest metroos of India. This city has a population of about 52 lakhs.
This is located on the banks of the river sabarmathi and was the capital of Gujarat till 1970 when it was shifted to Gandhi Nagar It is also called as Abad /Amdavad in th colloquial language.
This city was founded by Sultan Ahmed Shah of the Sultanate of Gujarat to be their capital. The city was named after its founder Ahmed Shah.
A military cantonment was established and the city infrastructure was modernised and expanded, when the city came under the British rule. Even
when it was added to the Bombay province the city was recognised as the most important city of Gujarat.
The city also is known as the Manchester of the east since it had become the home for textile industry in India.
By then , a railway link between Ahmedabad and Mumbai (then Bombay) had been established by the Bombay, Baroda, and Central India Railway (BB&CI), making Ahmedabad an important junction in the trade between northern and southern India. It was then easier for the large numbers of people to migrate from rural areas around the city to work for these textile mills, establishing a robust industry for the area.
The City was in the news in the first part of the 20th Century as the forefront in the war of Independence as most famous leaders of those times Bal Gangadhjar Tilak and Mahatma Gandhi started Civil disobedience movement to promote workers rights and civil rights for the common people.
Mahatma Gandhi established two ashrams, the Kochrab Ashram near Paldi in 1915 and the Satyagraha Ashram ( Sabarmati Ashram, as it is called now) on the on the banks of the river Sabarmati in 1917. These two ashrams became centers of intense nationalist activities. Gandhi initiated the Salt Satyagraha from Ahmedabad by embarking from his ashram by foot to Dandi on the famous Dandi Salt March.
The city administration and economic institutions were vacant as large masses of people took to the streets in peaceful protests in the early 1930s,
and again in 1942 during the Quit India movement. Following independence and the partition of India in 1947, the city was scarred by intense communal violence that broke out between Hindus and Muslims.
On 26 January 2001 a devastating earthquake struck the city, centred near Bhuj, measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale. As many as 50 multistory
buildings collapsed, killing 752 people and devastating the city's infrastructure.
In recent years, the effects of liberalization of the Indian economy has energized the city's economy towards tertiary sector activities like
commerce, communication, construction activities
A rising centre of education, information technology and scientific industries, Ahmedabad remains the cultural and commercial heart of Gujarat and much of western India. Ahmedabad is divided by the Sabarmati River into two physically different eastern and western regions. The eastern bank of the river houses the old city. This includes the central town of Bhadra where packed bazaars, the clustered and barricaded pol system of close clustered buildings, and numerous places of worship. It houses the main railway station, the General Post Office, and few buildings of the Muzaffarid and British eras.
The colonial period saw the expansion on the west side of Sabarmati, brought about by the construction of Ellis Bridge in 1875 and later withthe modern Nehru Bridge. This part of the city houses educational institutions, modern buildings, well-planned residential areas, shopping malls, multiplexes and new business districts like Ashram Road and Sarkhej-Gandhinagar Highway.
Ahmedabad is administered by the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC). Some of the regions surrounding the city are administered by the
Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority. The city elects one member to the Lok Sabha and seven to the Gujarat Vidhan Sabha. Two main political parties have won a significant number of seats in elections — the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Indian National Congress (INC). Of the thirteen assembly seats of Ahmedabad, ten were won by the BJP and three by the Congress Party during the legislative elections in 2007.
Ahmedabad has a thriving chemicals and pharmaceuticals industry. Zydus Cadila and Torrent Pharmaceuticals are the two biggest pharmaceuticals in India which have Sales and production outlets in the city.